The overall purpose of grading at Morrison is “to describe how well students have achieved specific learning expectations based on evidence gathered from an assignment, assessment, or other demonstration of learning.” This performance is then reported to students and parents in words, letters, or numbers so they can understand levels of performance and achievement. (Quote taken from Morrison’s official Standards-Based Grading information page.)
Standards-Based Grading allows us to achieve this purpose by reporting on achievement of specific benchmarks and by separating the learning Process from the learning Product.
Click the image below for a Morrison video on standards-based grading, featuring some of our very own MAK teachers!
MAK elementary school has been doing standards-based grading for many years. Two years ago, our elementary teachers began using MasteryConnect, a sleek new standards-based learning platform. Last year, our middle school report cards changed to separate Product scores from Process scores.
MAK 國小部已採用標準本位評分好幾年了。兩年前，我們國小部的老師開始用 MasteryConnect，一個較流暢的標準本位學習平台。去年，我們的國中部成績單，改成將學習過程成績，和學習成果成績分開。
After lots of research and training this year, next fall our middle and high school reporting systems will be using PowerSchool in new ways, adapting our report cards and reporting systems to a true, standards-based format.
So, how will MAK be changing its grading and reporting in middle and high school in the coming years to be more standards-based?
1. Next fall, high school report cards, in addition to middle school ones, will include a Process score. This means that starting next fall, high schoolers will likewise be graded on responsibility, respect, and engagement, just like we’ve done in middle school for the past two years. Product grades will not include Process elements like class participation. For questions on what that looks like, please read this post. Additionally, high school homework scores will be limited to a maximum of 10% of students’ final grade, being mostly reflected in student Process scores.
2. Unlike in elementary, MAK middle and high school report cards will continue assigning ABCDF scores on final report cards. We have found that at the secondary level, parents, students, and teachers value and benefit from the overall summation of a final Product grade.
與國小部不同的是， MAK 國中高中部的期末成績單，仍會繼續採用 ABCDF 分數打法。我們發現，在國高中階段，家長、學生與老師，在期末學習成果成績上，都重視一個整合，也從中得益。
3. Student grades will be calculated by standards, not by traditional categories or point accumulation. Essentially, this change is what it means to actually do standards-based grading. Traditional grading often uses one of two methods.
Method #1: Point Accumulation 方法一：分數累計
Method #2: Category Averaging 方法二：類別平均
A standards-based approach differs from these more traditional methods because it focuses exclusively on the academic standard in its reporting rather than the assessment type. With standards-based grading and reporting, teachers, students, and parents can clearly see specific weaknesses in student performance that they can’t see in Method #1 and Method #2.
Method #3: Standards-Based Grading 方法三：標準本位評分制度
Next year, middle and high school final Product grades will be calculated as an average of student performance on course standards. In the case above, numerical values for Basic, Proficient, and Exemplary would be averaged to achieve the final Product score of “B”. This means that when parents and students look at PowerSchool, scores will reflect performance on standards more than they will reflect assignments.
明年，國高中的總成果成績，將以每科的標準來計算學生表現的平均。在以上的例子，「基礎」、「熟練」和「優異」的平均分數，將會在總成果成績中達到 B 的分數。這表示，當學生與家長在看 PowerSchool 時，上面的分數將較在標準上，多於功課，反映學生整體表現。
4. The way teachers grade assessments will be by standard, not by points and percentages. Next year, when middle and high school students are handed back quizzes or projects, they will not see this very often:
Or this: 或這個
Instead, students will see specific feedback on their performance on the specific academic standards that were assessed in the quiz or project work. As a result, scores will look something more like this:
These performance scores will then be entered into the grade book as performance on each standard rather than as a general test score.
Overall, it is Morrison Academy’s hope that this type of reporting provides a clearer picture for parents and students of how students are doing in the curricular content of each course, ultimately improving teaching and learning at Morrison.